Electric Vehicle Charging
Introduction To Electric Vehicle Charging
If the uptake in ownership of electric vehicles is even half as much as forecasts are predicting then they will be everywhere. Charging an EV will be second nature and juicing up at work, home or whilst shopping will be the norm. Signs of this are already there and businesses are mobilising to offer the service or the product. As are The Greener Group.
EV Charging at Home
The average UK driver only travels 20 miles per day, so a lot of the time you won’t need to use public charging points; home charging will do just fine. There are two ways of doing it: the first is straight from the mains.
Many people choose to charge their electric vehicles – in a garage or driveway- from a domestic socket. Depending on how many volts your domestic power socket’s supply is, charging from the mains in the UK should take 6-9 hours. The easiest thing to do is to plug your car in overnight.
As a short-term or occasional solution, charging from the mains is fine. However, you can charge your car much faster if you install a specially-designed charging point. You can get a government grant of £500 towards a home charging point.
Types of Charge Points for Home Use
Although you can charge your car through a normal household socket, you will find that this will take a long time and will leave cables running through the property.
There are three main types of electric vehicle charging points that can be installed into domestic properties.
Home electric vehicle charging point
This socket comes with a charging lead which cannot be removed from the wall socket and must have the correct type of connector to suit your chosen electric vehicle – this is something that can be confirmed on purchase of your car and then later confirmed with your installer.
Electric vehicle charging socket
Instead of having a lead fixed to the wall, this has a socket in which you plug a lead in from your car. This is usually a standard seven pin EV charging socket, but again you should confirm that this is suitable for the car you purchase. You will need to purchase this lead separately and ensure that it has the correct connector for your vehicle.
Domestic charging lead
This is a 13amp charging lead which is often supplied with your new car (although not always) and can be plugged into a standard household 13amp socket (i.e. in your garage), or a new socket can be specially fitted for easier access. This is the slowest speed of charge and does not fall under any OLEV grant funding.
Charging at an external network
Although it is more accessible to have an EV charge point at home, there are various companies and local authorities that will offer charge points to use on a pay-as-you-go or network basis.
There are a number of options when out and about to charge your car including ports at shopping
centres, supermarkets, hotels and town centres.
Electric Vehicle Charging Times
Charge times for electric vehicles – EV charging times can vary according to factors such as the battery capacity, the charge point and the vehicle. As a standard example, a nominal vehicle battery capacity of 22kWh will charge in the below estimated times*:
|#||Charge Point Type||Charging Time (Hours)|
Please note that the ability to charge at ‘fast’, ‘very fast’ and ‘rapid’ is dependent on the vehicle purchased and not all vehicles can charge at this speed. For accurate timings for specific models, please contact the vehicle manufacturer. A ‘rapid’ charge unit will charge an electric vehicle to 80% within 20-30 minutes, but the last 20% will charge at a mush slow rate to protect the life expectancy of the battery.
EV Charging Funding and grants – OLEV Funding
To help you along with your EV plans, there are some grants in place to help towards the costs of installation. You can claim 75% off the total cost of your EV charge point installation, which is capped at a maximum of £500 including VAT.
Not only that, but you don’t have to pay the full amount and then claim it back- the process of the grant is built into your installation and will be claim for on behalf of us at The Greener Group.
To be eligible for the EV home charge grant, you must fit one of the following categories:
- Be the registered keeper of a new or second hand eligible electrical vehicle from 1 September onwards.
- Have been assigned an eligible company vehicle for at least 6 months, from 1 September 2014 onwards.
- Have leased an eligible electric vehicle for at least 6 months from 1 September 2014 onwards.
- Be the user of an eligible commercial fleet electric vehicle and be names as the primary user for at least 6 months, from 1 September 2014 onwards.
You must also meet all of the following criteria:
- You need to have off street parking facilities suitable for charge point installation
- The date of installation must not be more than 4 months before the date your electric vehicle is delivered, or the date from when you will begin to use your vehicle for the first time.
You will not be eligible for the grant if:
- You sometimes use a company electric vehicle, but are not named as the primary user.
- If you borrow an electric vehicle from friends and family.
Your vehicle also has to meet some criteria for you to be eligible for the grant. You will not be eligible if:
- You came into possession of your electric vehicle before 1 September 2014.
- If it does not meet the required CO² emissions (nearly all electric vehicles do meet this criteria, with a couple of exceptions amongst high performance vehicles)
An Introduction To Electric Vehicle Charging For Businesses
The demand for EV vehicles and therefore charging points is increasing rapidly. With the government’s latest commitment to end fossil fuel vehicles by 2040 this demand is only going to increase.
There are three core types of EV charging – rapid, fast, and slow. This represents the power output, and therefore charging speed, available to the driver charging their EV.
Rapid chargers are divided in two sections – AC and DC. Currently available Rapid AC chargers are rated at 43kW, while Rapid DC are typically 50kW. Both will charge an EV to 80% in around 30 minutes. There are two different main connector types for Rapid DC chargers – CCS and CHAdeMO – though additionally, Tesla Superchargers are also Rapid DC and currently charge at around 120kW.
Fast chargers cover those with 7kW and 22kW power outputs, which typically charge an EV in 3-4 hours.
Slow units (up to 3kW) are best for overnight charging and usually take between 6 and 12 hours for a pure-EV, or 2-4 hours for a PHEV.
Is Your Business EV Ready
25% of Vehicles Sold Will Be Electric by 2025!
From a business point of view having a charge point in the workplace is becoming increasingly important. If there is not already, there soon will be a demand for an EV charge point from employees and visitors. Businesses with an EV fleet (or plans for one) will clearly consider EV charging essential.
How many EV charging points does my business need?
For employees, charging at work can be a convenient way to recharge an EV whilst parked during the day. From a business point of view, having a charge point at the workplace will be increasingly important as a facility for employees and visitors, while for businesses with an EV fleet it can be an essential operating factor.
Similar to the Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme, the Government offers businesses, charities and local authority’s financial support to have charge points installed at their premises under the Workplace Charging Scheme. The grant provides £300 per socket – up to a maximum of 20 sockets – to be installed on dedicated off-street parking for staff, visitor, or fleet use.
The Greener Group offers a range of EV charging station installation services. The type of EV charger you need very much depends on the specifics of your requirements.
Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme
The Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme (EVHS) provides grant funding of up to 75% towards the cost of installing electric vehicle chargepoints at domestic properties across the UK.
What are the benefits of a home EV charge point?
A dedicated charge point directly charges your car whilst also communicating with your car. This makes it much safe than using a 3 pin plug and socket.
What is the cost of installing an EV charge point
Costs for a home charge point and installation are in the region of approximately £1000. However there is good news! The Electric Vehicle Homecharge scheme currently offers applicants £500 towards this cost. Any remaining costs above the £500 provided by OLEV would need to be paid for.
Who does the installation?
Only OLEV-accredited suppliers are eligible for the £500 funding that OLEV provide.